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What makes Fraser Island a World Heritage Listed site? What makes Fraser Island a World Heritage Listed site?

What makes Fraser Island a World Heritage Listed site?

Australia is home to many unique natural wonders and Fraser Island is no exception. There are currently 19 UNESCO World Heritage Listed sites in Australia. UNESCO began the World Heritage Convention in 1972 to protect the world’s most remarkable places. Fraser Island was added to the World Heritage list in 1992 due to its natural greatness. So what’s so special about Fraser Island?


Fraser Island’s UNESCO listing cites that the island “has exceptional natural beauty with over 250 kilometres of clear sandy beaches with long, uninterrupted sweeps of ocean beach, strikingly coloured sand cliffs, and spectacular blowouts. Inland from the beach are majestic remnants of tall rainforest growing on sandy dunes and half of the world’s perched freshwater dune lakes.”


To attain a World Heritage listing, there are certain criteria to be met. Fraser Island currently meets 3 of the 4 natural criteria as required by UNESCO:

  • Criterion (vii) contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance; 
  • Criterion (viii) to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features; 
  • Criterion (ix) to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals; 


Stretching a huge 120 kilometers in length, Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world. The sand dunes found on Fraser Island have served scientists for years, showcasing as a record of 700,000 years of climate change and sea level changes. It is the only place on the planet where Rainforest has grown on sand dunes higher than 200m above sea level. Amazing right?


World Heritage Listing means that the Commonwealth is required to maintain the natural integrity of the island. 99% of Fraser Island is national park that is protected by the Nature Conservation Act 1992 and the Recreation Areas Management Act 2006.  


Ready to explore one of Australia’s greatest natural wonders? Check out our Fraser Island tours on our website or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.or call (07) 3911 1332.

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